The weight of 1000 sheets of paper cut to its basis size.
Language and our ideas about how it is interpreted change rapidly. The Specialty Graphic Imaging Association (SGIA) is aware of this and continues its effort to keep our constituents well informed about changes to the increasingly complex industry terminology. This publication represents the most recent changes.
Acceptable abbreviation for milliampere.
The shredding of fibers, such as for use in a molding resin.
Paper or board that has been coated with a mixture of a mineral pigment and a suitable adhesive during the papermaking process.
Indicates the directional flow of a paper web from wet end to dry end on a papermaking machine; used interchangeably with grain direction.
Any paper whose surface has been finished to a generally smooth to medium finish on a papermaking machine.
A paper with a high gloss finish on one side only.
A purplish color; one of the four process color inks used in printing process.
A contact screen that has a dye instead of silver dot pattern, makes it possible to control halftone contrast by the use of color filters.
In process color reproduction the prepress material used to produce the magenta image.
A very light odorless white extender used in some screen printing inks.
Ink made from iron oxide pigments (ferrosoferric oxide (Fe3O4) in a special crystalline form, made for magnetic ink character recognition (MICR).
The process of machine reading characters by means of magnetic sensing.
Paper free of all metallic and magnetizable particles with superior strength, levelness, good stiffness, and propensity for flatness despite continual handling.
A device designed to produce very short radio waves in radio-frequency energized UV lamps.
A camera exposure that establishes highlight and intermediate tone detail.
The procedures necessary to properly adjust production equipment to perform a print or finishing operation; the act of making ready or setting up to print.
The arrangement of lines of type and illustrations into pages or sections.
Convex and concave matching dies.
A hard synthetic resin formed by the reaction of maleic acid and modified resin.
A spindle or round device for supporting ware during printing.
A fiber from cardage, rope, or hemp plants used to manufacture strong tough papers.
An instrument for measuring the pressure of liquids and gases.
A preliminary model or prototype, usually smaller than the final work, designed to estimate, measure or gauge overall appearance during product planning.
Property of an ink, coating, or substrate to remain unimpaired by slight abrasion, impact, or pressure; also called abrasion resistance.
The white space extending from the printed edge to the edge of a sheet.
A device for gumming or applying adhesive to single wing easels, or edges of display parts that are to be adhered.
Another term for emblem or decal, also used as a generic term that including striping, accent, and trim pieces and die-cut lettering.
A slab of machine cast iron, lubricated by wax and oil on which the gob (gather) at the end of a blow pipe is rolled to form a cylindrical shape before blowing into desired shape.
A covering or coating used to protect, cover, or conceal.
(1) Technique of placing a mask in the path of light to stop passage, reduce the quantity of light, or modify a photographic result; (2) Technique that allows manipulation of one area of an image while other areas remain unaffected.
(1) Manual knife-cut film that does not permit passage of actinic light; (2) Photographic-light sensitive film for making masks for color correction.
Volumetric flow rate times density such as pounds per hour or kilograms per minute.
(1) A color, viewed by reflective light, of a pigment-vehicle mixture, that is of sufficient thickness to obscure completely the background; (2) An area of solid color compared to a halftone print.
The original from which subsequent copies and comparisons are made.
A screen printing frame so designed that smaller screen printing frames may be affixed inside it for printing.